Embroidery is the artwork that is done on fabrics. It is an art of bringing color or life to the fabrics that are dull in nature. Practically it can be defined as the use of a needle with strands of thread or yarn on a fabric to draw cheerful and attractive designs on it. It is not very clear when the art of embroidery came into being, but it is known that this art is present in many culture of the world including, Asia, Middle East, America, and Europe.
Religious handmade embroidery is very much famous among the Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Jews. Islamic embroidery is very famous in Pakistan and is a huge part of its culture.
Embroidery In Kashmir
Embroidery is very popular in Pakistan. Kashmiri Embroidery is very famous. Kashmiri Embroidery is also known as Kashida and is a very beautiful kind of embroidery. Kashmiri embroidery is mostly based on the beautiful scenery of nature. That includes sights of beautiful flowers, waterfalls, trees etc. Shawls, Dupattas, Sherwanis and Shalwar kameez are the main Religious handmade embroideries in Kashmir when it comes to clothing.
Embroidery is also an important part of Drapery in the women of Pakistan. Kashmiri Embroidery is used a lot in the drapery as Muslim wedding clothing. The Lehenga Kurtis, Dupattas, Salwar Kameez, Sherwanis, and suits are the Muslim wedding dresses, on which the embroidery is most focused on.
Abayas and Prayer Caps
Abaya is a very prominent icon of the religious culture of Muslims. And so are prayer caps. The Abayas are usually black and plain, but they have also been introduced with embroidery. Women do a lot of work on the abayas and try to make them look cheerful and attractive. Similarly, the stitching techniques are also used in the embroidery of prayer caps.
Prayer rugs are the most used embroidered products when it comes to religious embroidery. They are used for offering prayers by the Muslims. The embroidery of prayer rugs plays a large role in the cultural embroidery of Pakistan. The artists make these rugs of different qualities. There are rugs that are used very commonly and are cheap in cost. Whereas there are other prayer rugs that are very expensive and costly, as they have a lot of embroidery and work that’s done on the mat. They are not commonly used as prayer mats, but are used as decoration wall hangings instead. The companies or factories that make these prayer mats also make big carpets that are used in mosques. These carpets also have a lot of embroideries done on them that explicit the cultural heritage of Pakistan.
Pure Silk is one of the most expensive material used in embroidery. Silk threads are the most used in embroidery in Pakistan in making wedding dresses for Muslim women. However sometimes other more expensive and precious materials for patches are also used on the dresses, for example, Gold, silver wires, quills etc.